Source: PM23856902
Marked as 'Membrane associated protein'
Confidence: medium (present in either hRBCD or BSc_CH or PM22954596) Search PubMed for
(RBC AND this entry)

Gene names: RAPGEF2 , KIAA0313, NRAPGEP, PDZGEF1
Protein names and data: RPGF2_HUMAN , Rap guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 , Cyclic nucleotide ras GEF; CNrasGEF; Neural RAP guanine nucleotide exchange protein; nRap GEP; PDZ domain-containing guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1; PDZ-GEF1; RA-GEF-1; Ras/Rap1-associating GEF-1 Lenght: 1499 a.a.
Mass: 167417 Da
fasta formatted sequence

Function: Functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), which activates Rap and Ras family of small GTPases by exchanging bound GDP for free GTP in a cAMP-dependent manner. Serves as a link between cell surface receptors and Rap/Ras GTPases in intracellular signaling cascades. Acts also as an effector for Rap1 by direct association with Rap1-GTP thereby leading to the amplification of Rap1-mediated signaling. Shows weak activity on HRAS. It is controversial whether RAPGEF2 binds cAMP and cGMP (PubMed:23800469, PubMed:10801446) or not (PubMed:10608844, PubMed:10548487, PubMed:11359771). Its binding to ligand-activated beta-1 adrenergic receptor ADRB1 leads to the Ras activation through the G(s)-alpha signaling pathway. Involved in the cAMP- induced Ras and Erk1/2 signaling pathway that leads to sustained inhibition of long term melanogenesis by reducing dendrite extension and melanin synthesis. Provides also inhibitory signals for cell proliferation of melanoma cells and promotes their apoptosis in a cAMP-independent nanner. Regulates cAMP-induced neuritogenesis by mediating the Rap1/B-Raf/ERK signaling through a pathway that is independent on both PKA and RAPGEF3/RAPGEF4. Involved in neuron migration and in the formation of the major forebrain fiber connections forming the corpus callosum, the anterior commissure and the hippocampal commissure during brain development. Involved in neuronal growth factor (NGF)-induced sustained activation of Rap1 at late endosomes and in brain- derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-induced axon outgrowth of hippocampal neurons. Plays a role in the regulation of embryonic blood vessel formation and in the establishment of basal junction integrity and endothelial barrier function. May be involved in the regulation of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor KDR and cadherin CDH5 expression at allantois endothelial cell-cell junctions.
Cellular location: Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Cell membrane. Late endosome. Cell junction (By similarity). Note=Associated with the synaptic plasma membrane. Colocalizes with ADRB1 at the plasma membrane. Synaptosome. Enriched in synaptic plasma membrane and neuronal cell body. Colocalized with CTNNB1 at cell-cell contacts (By similarity). Localized diffusely in the cytoplasm before neuronal growth factor (NGF) stimulation. Recruited to late endosomes after NGF stimulation. Colocalized with the high affinity nerve growth factor receptor NTRK1 at late endosomes. Translocated to the perinuclear region in a RAP1A- dependent manner. Translocated to the cell membrane.
Tissue specificity: Expressed in primary neuronal and endocrine cells (at protein level). Highest expression levels in brain. Lower expression levels in heart, kidney, lung, placenta and blood leukocytes.

Database cross-references

UniProt: Q9Y4G8
Ensembl: ENST00000264431
MIM: 609530
neXtProt: NX_Q9Y4G8
Antibodypedia: Q9Y4G8 (may not find the protein thus also not any antibody)
Local full text data: click here

Users' comments

Login to add a comment.