Source: PM23856902
Marked as 'Membrane associated protein'
Confidence: medium (present in either hRBCD or BSc_CH or PM22954596) Search PubMed for
(RBC AND this entry)

Gene names: STK11 , LKB1, PJS
Protein names and data: STK11_HUMAN , Serine/threonine-protein kinase STK11; , Liver kinase B1; LKB1; hLKB1; Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-19; Flags: Precursor Lenght: 433 a.a.
Mass: 48636 Da
fasta formatted sequence

Function: Tumor suppressor serine/threonine-protein kinase that controls the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) family members, thereby playing a role in various processes such as cell metabolism, cell polarity, apoptosis and DNA damage response. Acts by phosphorylating the T-loop of AMPK family proteins, leading to promote their activity: phosphorylates PRKAA1, PRKAA2, BRSK1, BRSK2, MARK1, MARK2, MARK3, MARK4, NUAK1, NUAK2, SIK1, SIK2, SIK3 and SNRK but not MELK. Also phosphorylates non-AMPK family proteins such as STRADA and possibly p53/TP53. Acts as a key upstream regulator of AMPK by mediating phosphorylation and activation of AMPK catalytic subunits PRKAA1 and PRKAA2: it thereby regulates inhibition of signaling pathways that promote cell growth and proliferation when energy levels are low, glucose homeostasis in liver, activation of autophagy when cells undergo nutrient deprivation, B-cell differentiation in the germinal center in response to DNA damage. Also acts as a regulator of cellular polarity by remodeling the actin cytoskeleton. Required for cortical neurons polarization by mediating phosphorylation and activation of BRSK1 and BRSK2, leading to axon initiation and specification. Involved in DNA damage response: interacts with p53/TP53 and recruited to the CDKN1A/WAF1 promoter to participate in transcription activation. Able to phosphorylate p53/TP53; the relevance of such result in vivo is however unclear and phosphorylation may be indirect and mediated by downstream STK11/LKB1 kinase NUAK1 Also acts as a mediator p53/TP53-dependent apoptosis via interaction with p53/TP53: translocates to mitochondrion during apoptosis and regulates p53/TP53-dependent apoptosis pathways.
Catalytic activity: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
Cellular location: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Membrane (By similarity). Mitochondrion. Note=A small fraction localizes at membranes (By similarity). Relocates to the cytoplasm when bound to STRAD (STRADA or STRADB) and CAB39/MO25 (CAB39/MO25alpha or CAB39L/MO25beta). Translocates to mitochondrion during apoptosis.
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed. Strongest expression in testis and fetal liver.

Genetic variants

Database cross-references

UniProt: Q15831
Ensembl: ENST00000326873
MIM: 175200
MIM: 273300
MIM: 602216
neXtProt: NX_Q15831
Antibodypedia: Q15831 (may not find the protein thus also not any antibody)
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