Source: hRBCD ; ID: IPI00383758
Marked as 'Membrane associated protein'
Confidence: high (present in two of the MS resources) Search PubMed for
(RBC AND this entry)

Gene names: GAPDH , GAPD , CDABP0047, OK/SW-cl.12
Protein names and data: G3P_HUMAN , Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; GAPDH; , Peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylase GAPDH; 2.6.99.- Lenght: 335 a.a.
Mass: 36053 Da
fasta formatted sequence

Function: Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Modulates the organization and assembly of the cytoskeleton. Facilitates the CHP1-dependent microtubule and membrane associations through its ability to stimulate the binding of CHP1 to microtubules (By similarity). Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D- glyceroyl phosphate. Component of the GAIT (gamma interferon- activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma treatment assembles into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3'-UTR of diverse inflammatory mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation.
Catalytic activity: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(+) = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH.
Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D- glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 1/5.
Cellular location: Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus (By similarity). Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Membrane. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton (By similarity). Note=Translocates to the nucleus following S- nitrosylation and interaction with SIAH1, which contains a nuclear localization signal (By similarity). Postnuclear and Perinuclear regions.

Genetic variants

Database cross-references

UniProt: P04406
Ensembl: ENST00000229239
Ensembl: ENST00000396858
Ensembl: ENST00000396859
Ensembl: ENST00000396861
MIM: 138400
neXtProt: NX_P04406
Antibodypedia: P04406 (may not find the protein thus also not any antibody)
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